Most of the bows introduced below have been used in the Carpathian basin (Hungary) . They mostly were traditional eastern bows, the so-called rigid tipped compound reflex bows. Certain types of bows were named after the people who had used them.
WHO WERE THEY ?
SCYTHIANS | ASSYRS | HUNS | AVARS | MAGYARS - HUNGARIANS | TURKS | MONGOLS
Types of the nomad bows:
Most of the types I make are made in the following finishes: Basic, Extra I., Biocomposite laminated bows, and Extra III. (composite bow). To recognize the difference between different sorts of finish, you have to know, that rigid-tipped compound reflexbows consist of five main parts: handle (1 piece), flexible arms (2 pieces), rigid tips (2 pieces).
Basic finish: /base/ Combination of glass fiber, wood and leather. The color of the leather can be different, on demand.
Extra I. finish: There are two variations of Extra I. On both kinds, the flexible arms are covered (decorated) with fishskin, snakeskin, or leather. One variation is horn-plated at the handle and the tips, and on the other kind the plating is made of colored, layered wood.
Biocomposite laminated bows.
Actually it combines the laminated, the TRH laminated, the TRH Extra II laminated bows.
And to some extent the extra III bows as well. The bows made by this technology consist of the following materials: the middle layers of wood, the inner layer of pressed horn, while the outer layer of pressed sinew plate. These two layers are glued to the wooden plate by modern glue and the glued layer gets a fibre strengthening.
Due to these biocomposite materials and the modern technology these bows are faster then the simple laminated bows. They are appreciably soft and without any resonance when drawing.
These bows give almost the same shooting experience than a hornbow and even their appearance is similar, although the biocomposite bows are flatter.
Extra III. (composite or horn bow) finish: This is the kind that is the exact copy of the original, made with the same method as a thousand years ago, and consists of only natural components. The core of the bow is joined together of assorted kinds of wood. The inside (that is on the archer's side) is made of horn plating. The outside is made of tendon strings and fishbladder-glue, layered and shrunk onto the bow. These layers are sensitive to moisture, so it is covered with birch-bark or thin leather, which we decorate with original painted motives, on demand. The handle and tips are stiffened with horn or bone, and strengthened at the joinings with tying. The horn plating is made of the horn of Hungarian grey steer, water buffalo, ibex, wild sheep horn, and it's an expensive material, because there's not too much of it left. The fishbladder-glue can only be cooked from the airbladder of the sturgeon, a living fossil, that is also scarce these days. Actually, it isn't cooked, but we extract the glue from it with a "cold" process, soaking it in different kinds of materials. This way the quantity of the glue is small, but for that the quality is excellent. There is several reasons for using sturgeonbladder-glue for bowmaking for example: 1/ very strong gluing capability 2/ it won't get brittle or lose it's elasticity even after decades 3/ it is easy to work with. Obviously applying the tendon layer has got its own tricks. Before sinew must be soaked in various materials, impregnated, then only after this apply to the bow. This is why it is so unbreakable and resistant on the outer side of the bow. Besides, wood and horn must be treated, otherwise it would break easily in the bow. The horn-bow, the great invention of the Scythians, as well as the saddle, and later the Avar's stirrups. The rest of the eastern cultures took the knowledge of bowmaking from the nomads.
The making of a bow this way can take up to 10-12 months, drying of the wood not included.
An average composite bow has got the draw weight of 65 lbs, but we have orders on 45 lbs and 90 lbs bows either.